WATER IN POULTRY PRODUCTION

Water is a very critical component for Poultry farming success. It influences birds’ performance and growth. While Shortage of water can have a negative impact on feed conversion; wasted water also might become a breeding ground for harmful pathogens and fungus therefore water management also plays a big role in bio-security.

Water is one of the most important components of nutrition in poultry production. The fact is Animals can live longer without food than without water. If you have been overlooking the importance of water in your farm; SHAME ON YOU!

As the old Akan saying goes:Dea ɔma nsuo no, ɔma nkwa (he who gives water, gives life).
The benefit of water cannot be underrated. Eg. In a layer production , shortage of water for just some few hours can result in reduced eggs production,. whiles it can cause stunt growth in Broiler farming. It is proven that chickens would normally drink water twice as much as feed therefore clean water should be available at all times.

A good watering system should :

1. Ensure adequate supply
2. Be Efficient
3. Manage water quality and temperature
4. Be easily Monitored and controlled
5. Have Easy access to cleaning and disinfecting

Always think outside the box when choosing a drinking system for your farm. Choose a filter system that would purify your water for consumption.
You Could achieve good water management status by investing in automatic waterers for your farm. This system ensure constant supply of water to your birds thereby reducing the risk of getting your flock locked up in any dehydration mess.

If you have manual drinkers; BE VIGILANT! Check up on the bird drinker at least trice a day or as many as possible to make sure that they have access to water always. Get enough drinkers that would sustain them the whole day.
A 10 litre manual drinker on the Ghanaian market can hydrate upto about 20 grow out layers or 18 broilers while an automatic drinker can do 50 layers and 45 broilers. For nipple drinking system use 10 birds to each nipple.

Yes not all birds will drink at the same time therefore you could give some allowance when buying your drinkers but never use more than 35 birds per drinker.

Importance of water in Poultry production.

For Digestion

• Water softens feed and carries it through the digestive tract.
• As a component of blood (90% of blood content), water carries nutrients from the digestive tract to cells and carries away waste products.
• Eliminates body waste- Chickens discharges urine and faeces at the same. Water help make it easily for this to be released.

For metabolism

• Water also helps cool the bird through evaporation. (Birds do not have sweat glands, so their heat loss occurs in the air sacs and lungs through rapid respiration.)

Contains Essential nutrients

• Water is by far the single most essential nutrient. A chick is composed of about 80% water. Though this percentage decreases as a bird gets older, the need for water remains.

The quantity requirement of water is estimated at 1.5 – 2 x as much as feed because there are several factors that affect the amount of water a bird needs. Poultry water consumption is dependent on factors including:

• Age

• Food consumption (i.e. reduced food intake may lead to reduced water intake and vice versa)

• Temperature of water

• Water Quality

• Humidity

• Type of drinkers used

• Drinker height

• Water pressure etc.

As i said earlier, rule of thumb : – Poultry consume twice as much water as feed… So don’t underestimate the power of WATER.

ARE YOUR BIRDS WELL HYDRATED TODAY ?

HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO RAISE A BROILER IN GHANA ?

Christmas is fast approaching and many of us here would like to grow some broilers for sale but; How much would it cost you to rear a broiler to table size? I guess you didn’t take that into consideration

Worry not ! That’s why we at Poultinn & More have decided to help you calculate the amount of money required to raise a broiler from day 1 to table size (9 weeks)

 

Pick up your note pad; Let’s be your math teacher for the next few minutes

To calculate our cost accurately, we must take into consideration the following:

1. Cost of chicks
2. Cost of feed/Kg
3. Cost of Utility ( water, electricity, Gas)
4. Cost of vaccines/medication and supplements
5. Cost of labor & Miscellaneous like advertisement, transport etc

Kindly take note of our assumptions.

Target weight – 2 -2.5 kg
Cost feed -Starter – 120 gh
– Finisher – 118 gh
Vaccine – Gumboro (1000 dose) – 55 gh
– Newcastle (1000 dose) – 30 gh

[ ] Cost of broiler chicks

a. Day old broiler chick should cost between 6 – 6.2 gh on the market. For the purposes of our calculate we would use 6 gh; the cost of imported broiler chick at #Poultinn.

[ ] Cost of feed.
To achieve 2.0 – 2.5 kg live weight a broiler would consume about 6.2 kg of feed for 9 weeks.
A broiler would consumed about 1.7 kg of 50 kg commercial feed from Day 1 to 4 weeks and 4.47 kg of feed from 5- 9 weeks.

Assumed price of Broiler starter – 120 gh
Therefore 1.7 kg Day 1 – 4 weeks = 4.08 gh

Broiler Finisher – 118 gh
Therefore 4.47 kg Week 5 -9 = 10.5 gh

Total cost of feeding : 4.08 + 10.5 = 14.58 gh

[ ] Cost of Utilities

Water

Currently a litre of water from Ghana water Company limited Domestic metered line cost 0.298 gh.

It is estimated that water consumption for a broiler from Day old to 4 weeks is 0.463 litres and 1.7 litres for week 5 to 9 weeks

Therefore

Consumption 1 – 4 weeks: 0.463 × 0.298 = 0.138 gh

Consumption 5 -9 week: 1.7 × 0.298 = 0.507 gh

Total cost of Water consumed per bird :0.138 + 0.507 = 0.645 gh

NB: Increase in temperature will affect water intake, as the birds will consume more water to cool themselves. The above gives an estimate guide of water consumption per broiler house at room temperature 27-30°c in Ghana.

Electricity

Approximately provide 18 hours/per of light to a broiler for Day 1 to 4 weeks and 16 hours of light from 5 – 9 weeks

A KW/H of electricity as at March 2019 from the Electricity company of Ghana cost 0.05 Dollars that’s 0.27 gh per Kw/h. For 100 broiler a 13-15 watts bulb would be okay. therefore each broiler would need about 0.15 watts[ 0.000015 Kw]

Electricity consumption for each broiler
Day 1 – 4 week @ 18 hour of light : (0.00015 × 18)× 28 = 0.0756 kw/h
ie. 0.0756 × 0.27 = 0.02 gh

5 – 7 weeks @ 16 hours of light : ( 0.00015 × 16)× 42 = 0.10 Kw/h
i.e. 0.10 × 0.27 = 0.027 gh

Total electricity cost for each broiler : 0.02 + 0.027 = 0.047 gh

Total Utility cost per bird : 6.45 gh + 0.047 gh = ~ 6.50 gh

 

[ ] Cost of Vaccines, Medication and Supplements

Vaccines:

Gumboro 1&2 = 55 gh (1000 dose) ie. 0.055 each broiler .Therefore 1 broiler vaccinated twice = 2 × 0.055 = 0.11 gh
Gumboro 3 = 60 gh (1000 dose) which mean each broiler is 0.06gh

Total for Gumboro/Per birds : 0.11 + 0.06 = 0.17 gh

Newcastle 1&2 = 30 gh (1000 dose) i.e. 0.03 gh/ bird

Total for vaccinating each broiler : 0.17 + 0.03 = 0.20 gh

Let’s take the cost of Medication and supplements.

Approximately a total of 639 Gh would be required to medicate 100 broilers from day old to 9 weeks. This includes 1 kg Glucose, disinfectant, 2 kg Antibiotic/Vitamins, 2 Kg vitamins and Anti-Cocci.

Therefore medication for a broiler from Day old to 9 weeks : 639/100 = 6.39 gh

Total Cost of Medication & Supplements = 6.39 gh

[ ] Cost of Labour & Miscellaneous

Let’s take all to be approximately 4 gh per bird

Adding up all of this cost together we have:

Cost of day-old chicks ———— 6 gh
Cost of feeding per bird ———- 14.58 gh
Cost of Utilities per bird ———- 0.645 gh
Cost of Vaccines,Medics etc ——– 0.20gh
Cost of Labour & Msc ————- 4.0gh

Total ————————– 25.43 gh

All things being equal. We can conclude that a Total of Twenty Five Cedis, Forty Three pesewas ( 25.43 GH ) IS REQUIRED TO RAISE A BROILER FROM DAY-OLD TO 9 WEEKS IN GHANA.

Order your broiler chicks from us at https://www.poultinn.com/product/day-old-ross-broiler/